You don’t need a tent, specifically, for backpacking but you do need some form of rain protection and/or insect protection in most climates when camping out along a trail. It can be a tent, hammock with a tarp, a waterproof bivy sack, a bug shelter, or some combination of these to provide the protection you need. You should also carry a shelter with you even if you plan to sleep in first-come-first-served lean-tos, cabins, hostels, or B&B’s along a well-established trail. You never know if there will be a spot for you when you arrive for the evening, so it’s best to hedge your bets.
There are many forms of rain protection that backpackers can use including tents, tarps, or waterproof bivy sacks. All of these will keep you dry from rain falling from the sky, but you’ll probably want to augment a tarp with additional protection to keep you off the wet ground since they don’t have a built-in floor. This can as simple as a plastic sheet or a hammock, suspended between two trees, that keeps you off the ground entirely.
Why can’t you just sleep out in the rain? Water conducts heat away from your skin 25 times faster than air, which can lead to uncomfortable chilling and hypothermia, even in summer. Camping with some form of rain protection will keep you drier and warmer, so you can get some rest.
Tents, hammocks with noseeum netting, bug bivies, and most bivy sacks have built-in noseeum netting to prevent mosquitos, black flies, and ticks from biting your while you sleep. If you’re sleeping on the ground in a tent or under a tarp, they also keep other harmful reptiles, spiders, or scorpions from getting too close to you.
If you don’t need rain protection, bug bivies and ultralight-style bivy sacks can be used in dry climates without a waterproof tarp for cowboy camping. They weigh less than a pound and there are some that are quite inexpensive.
About the author
Philip Werner has hiked and backpacked over 7500 miles in the United States and the UK and written over 2500 articles as the founder of SectionHiker.com, noted for its detailed gear reviews and educational content. A devotee of New Hampshire and Maine hiking and backpacking, Philip is the author of Backpacking the White Mountain 4000 Footers, a free online guidebook of the best backpacking trips in the White Mountains in New Hampshire and Maine. He also volunteers as a 4 season backpacking leader for the Appalachian Mountain Club, a Long Trail Mentor for Vermont’s Green Mountain Club, and a Leave No Trace Master Educator. He lives in New Hampshire.
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